New realms of measurement will grow in importance in 2020, and IoT will take on many new meanings!
Measurement-based tools of many kinds are key enablers for the technology-based products and solutions we incorporate into our daily lives, and it will transform as disruptive technologies come into play. This is the informed viewpoint of Keysight Technologies analysts, who share this year’s potentialities with readers here:
- Advanced applications related to 5G will explode, using higher frequencies and smaller geometries. To support this growth:
New courses and labs for design and simulation, over-the-air testing, antenna systems and measurements will be incorporated into core engineering curricula.
New measurement science (hardware, software and calibration) will be developed and made part of mainstream offerings.
Developers of new electronic products and solutions will use different tools, specifications and terminology to specify and validate their designs.
- The use of software in implementing technology will remain prevalent, especially in networking and positional- or navigation-based smartphone applications. As a result, software-on-software measurement will see a strong surge and therefore, so will emphasis on interoperability among software tool chains. New standards and certifications will be created, impacting development processes, as well as the marketing required to ensure consumers are aware of what a software-centric product can and cannot do.
- There will be a substantial rise in specialized processors, such as graphical processing units and specialized chips, that implement AI architectures that determine how a network processes and routes information and maintains security, privacy, and integrity. Quantum computing and engineering will continue to be in an aggressive hype phase in 2020, but the ability to control, measure, and error-correct quantum systems as the number of qubits grows will be important from the start.
- Those interested in building practical quantum computers will require knowledge about measurement technologies and techniques before this tech goes into the mainstream.
Data silos will be connected to extract development insights: Leading companies collect data but typically store it in discrete silos: R&D design, pre-production validation, manufacturing, operations and services.
- In 2020, companies will start connecting these disparate silos using modern cloud architectures. With the data centrally available, teams will correlate performance through the development process, from early design to manufacturing to field deployment and close the loop back to design. The benefits for these teams include the rapid collection and reformatting of data, faster debugging of new product designs, preemption of manufacturing issues, and improved product quality.
- To achieve these gains, teams will invest in a computing infrastructure, determine how to store the data, including file location and data structure, as well as choose analytic tools to select and process data to identify anomalies and trends. In addition, teams will change the way they work to shift attention to data-driven decisions.
5G and the Data Center: New 5G capabilities in 2020 will put pressure on networks, revealing new data center and network chokepoints.
- Industrial IoT applications will increase access requests, and mobile automotive IoT applications will stretch latency demands. Edge computing will become more important to process the increased access requests and meet stringent latency requirements.
- Higher data speeds will place more demands for faster memory, faster data busses, and faster transceivers in the data center. Meeting the speed and flexibility demands will be one reason, but customer traceability through the network for application monetization will be the main driver to upgrade to the latest standards.
- In 2020 we will see advanced design, test and monitoring capabilities that ensure networks and products deliver the performance and failsafe reliability expected. The industry will experience closer collaborations between chipset and product manufacturers, software companies, network carriers, cloud hosting companies and international standards organizations to build tomorrow’s networking infrastructures.
Challenges to get 5G to maturity: 5G represents technical evolution and revolution on many fronts; at the same time, it faces new technical challenges that span many domains.
- This year, the industry will move from a small group of early-movers that have commercialized initial 5G networks, to a global community in which multiple operators in every continent and in many countries will have commercial 5G networks.
- The early adopters will add scale and those who launch in 2020 will quickly resolve issues in their initial deployments. Second-generation devices and base stations will be added to the market, and the standards will have another new release in 3GPP’s Rel-16.
- Key technical challenges for the industry in 2020 will be: ensuring performance in mid-band (3.5-5GHz) frequencies, moving mmWave to mobility, transition planning to a full Stand-Alone (SA) 5G network, and resolving architectural decomposition and standards for centralized RAN and Mobile-Edge computing (MEC).
The “Internet of Things” will become the “Interaction of Things”: IoT will rapidly move into the mainstream with widening commercial acceptance, increasing public-sector applications and accelerated industrial deployments
- In 2020 we will see an increased level of “smart” experiences when the “Internet of Things”—a collection of devices connected to the internet—becomes the “Interaction of Things”—a collection of things that are communicating and working effectively and efficiently with each other.
- There will be powerful devices working with other powerful devices to act quickly and efficiently in the background independent of direct human intervention. Mission-critical applications, such as remote robotic surgery in the area of digital healthcare or autonomous driving in the area of smart mobility, will feel the impact of this shift.
- While these applications will benefit from the “Interaction of Things”, new solutions will be developed to ensure they do not suffer from the “Interference of Things”, especially when communication failure and network disturbances can bring about devastating or life-threatening consequences. The same will be true of Industry 4.0 applications and smart city applications. Uptime will not be optional.